Age-Related Arterial Telomere Uncapping and Senescence is Greater in Women Compared with Men
Aging, artery, senescence, sex differences, telomere dysfunction
Telomere uncapping increases with advancing age in human arteries and this telomere uncapping is associated with increased markers of senescence, independent of mean telomere length. However, whether there are sex specific differences in arterial telomere uncapping is unknown. We found that telomere uncapping (serine 139 phosphorylated histone γ-H2A.X in telomeres) in arteries was ~2.5 fold greater in post-menopausal women (n=17, 63±2 yrs) compared with premenopausal women (n=11, 30±2 yrs, p=0.02), while there was only a trend towards greater telomere uncapping in older men (n=26, 66±2 yrs) compared with young men (n=11, 31±2, p=0.11). Senescence markers, p53 bound to the p21 gene promoter and p21gene expression, were 3-4 fold greater in post-menopausal compared with premenopausal women (p=0.01-0.02), but only 1.5-2 fold greater in older compared with young men (p=0.02-0.08). Blood glucose was related to telomere uncapping in women, while systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure and serum creatinine were related to telomere uncapping in men. Mean arterial telomere length decreased similarly in women and men with age (p
Walker AE, Morgan RG, Ives SJ, Cawthon RM, Andtbacka RH, Noyes D, Lesniewski LA, Richardson RS, Donato AJ. Age-related arterial telomere uncapping and senescence is greater in women compared with men. Exp Gerontol. 2016 Jan;73:65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2015.11.009. Epub 2015 Nov 19. PubMed PMID: 26602606.