Passive Leg Movement and Nitric Oxide-Mediated Vascular Function: The Impact of Age
Aging, endothelial function, flow-mediated dilation, leg blood flow, nitric oxide
In young healthy men, passive leg movement (PLM) elicits a robust nitric oxide (NO)-dependent increase in leg blood flow (LBF), thus providing a novel approach to assess NO-mediated vascular function. While the magnitude of the LBF response to PLM is markedly reduced with age, the role of NO in this attenuated response in the elderly is unknown. Therefore, this study sought to determine the contribution of NO in the PLM-induced LBF with age. Fourteen male subjects (7 young, 24 ± 1 yr; and 7 old, 75 ± 3 yr) underwent PLM with and without NO synthase (NOS) inhibition achieved by intra-arterial infusion of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). LBF was determined second-by-second by Doppler ultrasound, and central hemodynamics were measured by finger photoplethysmography. NOS inhibition blunted the PLM-induced peak increase in LBF in the young (control: 668 ± 106;
L-NMMA: 431 ± 95 Δml/min; P = 0.03) but had no effect in the old (control: 266 ± 98;
L-NMMA: 251 ± 92 Δml/min; P = 0.59). Likewise, the magnitude of the reduction in the overall (i.e., area under the curve) PLM-induced LBF response to NOS inhibition was less in the old (LBF: -31 ± 18 ml) than the young (LBF: -129 ± 21 ml; P < 0.01). These findings suggest that the age-associated reduction in PLM-induced LBF in the elderly is primarily due to a reduced contribution to vasodilation from NO and therefore support the use of PLM as a novel approach to assess NO-mediated vascular function across the lifespan.
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Trinity JD, Groot HJ, Layec G, Rossman MJ, Ives SJ, Morgan DE, Gmelch BS, Bledsoe A, Richardson RS. Passive leg movement and nitric oxide-mediated vascular function: the impact of age. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2015 Mar 15;308(6):H672-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00806.2014. Epub 2015 Jan 9. PubMed PMID: 25576629; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4360052.