Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS)


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Lisa Aronson

Second Advisor

Patricia Rubio


This study centers on the ch'ullu, the knitted cap, usually with ear flaps and an elongated peak or tail, a hat that identifies the wearer as an indigenous Andean male. The long history of the ch'ullu is marked by both its use as geographic identifier, and as a canvas upon which to present the same designs that represent ancient Andean ideas about ancestry, land and time. Because the knitted hats of today function exactly as ancient ones did, the ch'ullu is proven a descendant of ancient hats, an important element to be preserved rather than discarded for factory made caps.