Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports
Michael J. Lopez, Gregory Matthews, “Building an NCAA men’s basketball predictive model and quantifying its success,” Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 2015, 11-1. https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jqas.2015.11.issue-1/jqas-2014-0058/jqas-2014-0058.xml?format=INT
Computing and machine learning advancements have led to the creation of many cutting-edge predictive algorithms, some of which have been demonstrated to provide more accurate forecasts than traditional statistical tools. In this manuscript, we provide evidence that the combination of modest statistical methods with informative data can meet or exceed the accuracy of more complex models when it comes to predicting the NCAA men's basketball tournament. First, we describe a prediction model that merges the point spreads set by Las Vegas sportsbooks with possession based team efficiency metrics by using logistic regressions. The set of probabilities generated from this model most accurately predicted the 2014 tournament, relative to approximately 400 competing submissions, as judged by the log loss function. Next, we attempt to quantify the degree to which luck played a role in the success of this model by simulating tournament outcomes under different sets of true underlying game probabilities. We estimate that under the most optimistic of game probability scenarios, our entry had roughly a 12% chance of outscoring all competing submissions and just less than a 50% chance of finishing with one of the ten best scores.
NCAA, predictive modeling, simulations, tournament